Practical Resources for Intercultural Competence Development  

This resource list includes a sampling of books on specific intercultural training tools, books that can help prepare facilitators of Story Circles as well as those desiring to learn more about intercultural theory and knowledge, and websites of additional intercultural resources.  To date, the resources included here are those primarily available in English.  However, it is important to recognize that there are many other intercultural resources available in many different languages other than English.  Thus, this list serves as a starting point only and is a work in progress as intercultural resources continue to be added and developed in many languages around the world.    If you have intercultural competence resources to add (in any language), please send them to the following address: for inclusion on this site.


Berardo, K. & Deardorff, D.K.  (2012).  Building Cultural Competence:  Innovative Activities and Models.  Sterling, VA:  Stylus

Council of Europe. (2015).   TASKs for Democracy:  60 Activities to Learn and Assess Transversal Attitudes, Skills, and Knowledge.  Strasbourg:  Council of Europe

Fantini, A. E. (1997). New Ways in Teaching Culture. Alexandria, VA: TESOL

Fowler, S. and Mumford, M. eds. (1995; 1999.) Intercultural Sourcebook: Cross-Cultural Training Methods. Volumes I and II. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Hughes, G. and Thiagarajan, S. (2013)  Photo Jolts! Image-based Activities that Increase Clarity, Creativity, and Conversation. SAH

Kappler-Mikk, B., Cohen, A.D., & Paige, R.M.  (2009) Maximizing Study Abroad: An Instructional Guide to Strategies for Language and Culture Learning and Use. Minneapolis, MN: Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition

Kohls, L. R, & Knight, J. (1994.) Developing Intercultural Awareness: A Cross-Cultural Training Handbook, 2nd Edition. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Seelye, H. N. (1996). Experiential Activities for Intercultural Learning. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Storti, C. (1994) Cross-Cultural Dialogues: 74 Brief Encounters with Cultural Difference. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Stringer, D. M., & Cassiday, P. A. (2003). 52 Activities for Exploring Value Differences. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

Stringer, D. M., & Cassiday, P. A. (2009). 52 Activities for Improving Cross-cultural Communication. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press


Some Practical Websites on Intercultural Tools and Resources

New Directions for Teaching and Learning (Number 157 – Spring 2019). Learning at Intercultural Intersections: Indigenization, Internationalization, and Intercultural Learning.

Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters.
CEFCult Toolkit for Intercultural Communicative Competence Training  Materials

50 Case Studies in Intercultural Communication:

Critical Incidents for Intercultural Communication:  An interactive tool for developing awareness, knowledge, and skills.

IEREST Intercultural Education Resources for Erasmus Students and Teachers

Intercultural Communication Bibliography

Intercultural Communication Institute.
http://www.intercultural. org

Intercultural Communication Resource Pack.  SALTO Youth.

Intercultural Training Pack

NAFSA Intercultural Activity Toolkit,_Learning,_and_Scholarship/Intercultural_Activity_Toolkit/

Portfolio on Intercultural Competences based on Human Rights (UNESCO)

What’s Up with Culture website, University of Pacific

Some Publications on Intercultural Concepts and Theories

Asante, M. K., Y. Miike, and J. Yin, eds. The Global Intercultural Communication Reader. 2nd edLondon, UK: Routledge, 2013.

Baldwin, J. R., R. M. Coleman, A. Gonzalez, and S. Shenoy-Packer. Intercultural Communication for Everyday Life. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014.

Bennett, M. J., ed. Basic Concepts of Intercultural Communication: Paradigms, Principles, and Practices. 2nd ed. Boston, MA: Intercultural Press, 2013.

Berry, J. W., J. S. Phinney, D. S. San, and P. Vedder. Immigrant Youth in Cultural Transition: Acculturation, Identity, and Adaptation Across National Contexts. New York, NY: Taylor and Francis Group, 2012.

Bautti, M. Rethinking the concept of intercultural conflict:  Italian Returnees’ Attitudes Towards Others During a Cultural Conflict, FLEKS Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice, 3, (1), pp. 1-18, 2016

Byram, M.  Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence Clevedon:  Multilingual Matters, 1997.

Byram, M. From Foreign Language Education to Education for Intercultural Citizenship:  Essays and Reflections.  Clevedon:  Multilingual Matters, 2008.

Council of Europe.  Intercultural Competence for All:  Preparation for Living in a Heterogeneous World.  Strasburg:  Council of Europe, 2012.

Council of Europe.  Developing Intercultural Competence Through Education.   Strasburg:  Council of Europe, 2014

Council of Europe.  Competence for Democratic Culture:  Living Together as Equals in Culturally Diverse Democratic Societies.  Strasburg:  Council of Europe, 2016.

Chen, G. M., and X. Dai. Intercultural Communication Competence: Conceptualization and its Development in Cultural Contexts and Interactions. Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Cheong, P. H., J. N. Martin, and L. P. Macfadyen.  New Media and Intercultural Communication: Identity, Community and Politics. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, 2012.

Churchill, R. P. Human Rights and Global Diversity. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2006.

Clayton, J.  One Classroom, Many Worlds.  Heinemann, 2002.

Cooper, P. J., C. Calloway-Thomas, and C. J. Simonds. Intercultural Communication: A Text with Readings. Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon, 2007.

Deardorff, D. K. The SAGE Handbook of Intercultural Competence. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2009.

Fennes, H., and Hapgood, K. Intercultural Learning in the Classroom. London, United Kingdom: Cassell, 1997.

Fouad, N. A., and P. Arredondo. Becoming Culturally Oriented: Practical Advice for Psychologists and Educators. Washington, DC: American Psychologists Press, 2007.

Gannon, M. J., and R. K. Pillai. Understanding Global Cultures: Metaphorical Journeys Through 31 Nations, Clusters of Nations, Continents, and Diversity. 5th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2012.

González, A., M. Houston, and V. Chen. Our Voices: Essays in Culture, Ethnicity, and Communication: An Intercultural Anthology. 5th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Guerrero, L. K., and M. Hecht, eds. The Nonverbal Communication Reader: Classic and Contemporary Readings. 3rd ed.  Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, 2007.

Hall, E. T. Beyond Culture. New York, NY: Doubleday, 1981.

Hecht, M. L., ed. Communicating Prejudice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1998.

Henderson, G., D. Spigner-Littles, and V. Hall Millhouse. A Practitioner’s Guide to Understanding Indigenous and Foreign Cultures. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 2006.

Holmes, P.  ‘The cultural stuff around how to talk to people’ immigrants’ intercultural communication during a pre-employment work-placement. Language and Intercultural Communication 15(1): 109-124, 2015

Holmes, P. and G. O’Neill.  Developing and Evaluating Intercultural Competence: Ethnographies of Intercultural Encounters, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36 (5), pp. 707-718, 2012.

Holmes, P. and F. Dervin.  The Cultural and Intercultural Dimensions of English as a Lingua Franca. Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education, 29. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters, 2016.

Hofstede, G.J., P. B. Pederson, and G. Hofstede. Exploring Culture: Exercises, Stories and Synthetic Cultures. Boston: Intercultural Press, 2002.

Hua, Z., ed. The Language and Intercultural Communication Reader. New York, NY: Routledge, 2011.

Jackson, J. Introducing Language and Intercultural Communication. New York, NY: Routledge, 2014.

Jackson, J. The Routledge Handbook of Language and Intercultural Communication. New York, NY: Routledge, 2012.

Jandt, F. E. An Introduction to Intercultural Communication: Identities in a Global Community. 8th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2015.

Kim, U., K. S. Yang, and K. K. Hwang, eds. Indigenous and Cultural Psychology: Understanding People in Context. New York, NY: Springer SBM Publications, 2006.

Landis, D., J.M. Bennett, and M.J. Bennett, eds. Handbook of Intercultural Training, 3rd Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2004.

LeBaron, M., and V. Pillay. Conflict Across Cultures: A Unique Experience Bridging Differences. Boston, MA: Nicholas Brealey, 2006.

Lederach, J. P. Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies. United States Institute of Peace, 2011.

Lederach, J. P.  A Handbook of International Peacebuilding: Into the Eye of the Storm. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2002.

Leeds-Hurwitz, W. Semiotics and Communication:  Signs, Codes, Cultures.  Routledge, 1993.

Lustig, M. W., and J. Koester. Intercultural Competence: Interpersonal Communication across Cultures. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2012.

Martin, J. N., and T. K. Nakayama. Experiencing Intercultural Communication: An Introduction. 5th edBoston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 2014.

Martin, J. N., and T. K. Nakayama. Intercultural Communication in Contexts. 6th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 2012.

Martin, J. N., T. K. Nakayama, and L. A. Flores, eds. Readings in Intercultural Communication: Experiences and Contexts. 2nd ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 2002.

Matsumoto, D., ed. APA Handbook of Intercultural Communication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010.

Molinsky, A. Global Dexterity: How to Adapt Your Behavior Across Cultures without Losing Yourself in the Process. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Review Press, 2013.

Neuliep, J.W. Intercultural Communication: A Contextual Approach. 6th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2014.

Oetzel, J. G.  Intercultural Communication: A Layered Approach. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 2008.

Orbe, M. P., and T. M. Harris. Interracial Communication: Theory into Practice. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2013.

Paige, R. M., ed.  Education for the Intercultural Experience. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press, 1993.

Paulston, C. B., S. F. Kiesling, and E. S. Rangel, eds. The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

Payne, R. K. Framework for Understanding Poverty. Highlands, TX: Aha! Process, 2005.

Pedersen, P., H., Crethar, and J. Carlson. Inclusive Cultural Empathy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2008.

Peterson, B. Cultural Intelligence: A Guide to Working with People from Other Cultures. Yarmouth, ME: Nicholas Brealey (Intercultural Press), 2004.

Prince, D. W., and M. H. Hoppe. Communicating Across Cultures. Hoboken, NJ: Pfeiffer, 2007.

Rothenberg, P. Beyond Borders: Thinking Critically About Global Issues. New York, NY: Worth Publishers, 2006.

Samovar, L. A., R. E. Porter, and E. R. McDaniel, eds. Intercultural Communication: A Reader. 14th ed. Independence, KY: Cengage Learning, 2014.

Saphiere, D. H., B. K. Mikk, and B. I. DeVries. Communication Highwire: Leveraging the Power of Diverse Communication Styles. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press (Nicholas Brealey), 2005.

Schaetti, B. F., S. J. Ramsey, and G. C. Watanabe. Personal Leadership: A Methodology of Two Principles and Six Practices.  Seattle, WA: Flying Kite Publications, 2008.

Shaules, J. Deep Culture: The Hidden Challenges of Global Living. Buffalo, NY: Multilingual Matters, 2007.

Sorrells, K. Intercultural Communication: Globalization and Social Justice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2012.

Spencer-Oatey, H. and Franklin, P.  Intercultural Interaction: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Intercultural Communication New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Sternberg, R. J., ed. The Psychology of Hate. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2005.

Storti, C. Figuring Foreigners Out: A Practical Guide. Yarmouth, ME: Nicolas Brealey, 2011.

Storti, C. The Art of Crossing Cultures. 2nd ed. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press, 2007.

Ting-Toomey, S. Communicating Across Cultures. New York, NY: Guilford, 1999.

Ting-Toomey, S., and L. C. Chung. Understanding Intercultural Communication. 2nd ed. Cary, NC: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Ting-Toomey, S., and J. G. Oetzel. Managing Intercultural Conflict Effectively. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2001.

UNESCO.  Intercultural Competences.  Paris: UNESCO, 2013.  (Available online)

Ward, C. Beyond Culture Shock. New York, NY: Routledge, 2013.